CTI has developed and tested innovative training methods
to improve critical thinking skills in real-worldl decision
The training is based on research literature in a variety
of fields, and our own research on mental
models and critical
thinking. The training has been developed and
evaluated successfully in both Army and Navy contexts.
for Critical Thinking on the Battlefield was developed
specifically for Army battlefield commanders and command staff.
It was used in an advanced tactics course at the Command and
General Staff College, Leavenworth, KA, in the spring of 1999.
CTI received an award for one of the five most outstanding
SBIR projects in 1999 as a result of this work.
The Army training focuses on strategies for building, critiquing,
and improving situation models and plans. It focuses on three
major battlefield themes: purpose, time, and maneuver. Purpose
refers to an understanding of the higher-level context and
objectives within an organization. Time refers to influencing
proactively or anticipating the actions of others, both friend
and foe. Maneuver combines these two elements: It is the effort
to achieve high-level purposes in the least costly way, by
influencing the enemy's ability to make effective decisions.
Critical thinking raining was also developed and tested for